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Wolcott family collection


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description




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Wolcott family collection, 1740-1844 | Litchfield Historical Society

By Linda Hocking

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Collection Overview

Title: Wolcott family collection, 1740-1844Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1790-1837

Primary Creator: Wolcott, Frederick (1767-1837)

Other Creators: Freeman, Hannah Huntington Wolcott (1803-1838), Huntington, Jabez Williams (1788-1847), Rankin, Laura Maria Wolcott (1811-1887), Wolcott, Betsey Huntington (1774-1812), Wolcott, Oliver (1760-1833)

Extent: 1.6 Linear Feet

Arrangement: The collection is arranged alphabetically by creator.  It is divided into two series, correspondence and miscellany.

Date Acquired: 01/01/1906. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: China - Commerce, Connecticut--Politics and government, Litchfield (Conn.) - History, Litchfield Female Academy (Conn.), Litchfield Law School, Trident, United States--Politics and government--1775-1783., Wolcott, Oliver, 1726-1797, Woolen and worsted manufacture

Forms of Material: Account books, Correspondence, Diaries

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Correspondence chiefly between Frederick Wolcott (1767-1837), his wife Elizabeth (Betsey) Huntington  Wolcott (1774-1812), his brother Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833) who served as Secretary of the Treasury and Governor of Connecticut, and Jabez W. Huntington (1788-1847) who served as a U.S. Senator from Connecticut.  Topics include domestic news, local, state, regional and national politics, business affairs, church activities, trade with China and the merchant vessel Trident, raising merino sheep, and manufacture of woolen cloth.


Other correspondents include John Cotton Smith, Benjamin Tallmadge, and Uriah Tracy.  Several correspondents were graduates of the Litchfield Law School.


The collection also includes several account books as well as the schoolgirl diaries of Frederick and Elizabeth Wolcott's daughter, Laura Maria Wolcott Rankin and the Friendship Album given to Hannah Huntington Wolcott Freeman on the occassion of her marriage in 1834.

Biographical Note

Frederick Wolcott was born November 2, 1767, the youngest of five children born to Oliver Wolcott and Laura Collins Wolcott.  He was graduated from Yale in 1786 and attended Tapping Reeve's Litchfield Law School the following year. 

Wolcott began his career as Clerk of the Common Pleas. In 1798 he was appointed Clerk of the Superior Court in Litchfield County. He was later appointed a Judge of Probate, a position he held until he retired from public life.

He served as a presidential elector in 1808. In 1810, he elected to the State Senate and remained there through 1823. Wolcott's public positions also included service as a presidential elector in 1808, State Senate from 1810-1823, the Connecticut General Assembly, was president of the Litchfield County Foreign Mission and Education Societies, was president of the Board of Trustees of the Litchfield Female Academy, was a fellow of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was a fellow of Yale College.

Wolcott married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Huntington on October 12, 1800.  They had six children prior to her death in 1812.  Frederick married Sally Worthington Cooke in 1815, with whom he had four children.

Frederick died on May 28, 1837. He is buried in the East Cemetery in Litchfield.

Subject/Index Terms

China - Commerce
Connecticut--Politics and government
Litchfield (Conn.) - History
Litchfield Female Academy (Conn.)
Litchfield Law School
United States--Politics and government--1775-1783.
Wolcott, Oliver, 1726-1797
Woolen and worsted manufacture

Administrative Information

Repository: Litchfield Historical Society


A large addition of papers was purchased by Mrs. Elizabeth Wolcott Hamilton and Miss Julia Wolcott from Mr. and Mrs. Neilson Abeel  in 1954.    He was a great-great grandson of Frederick Wolcott.  A number of small and single-item additions of materials have been added since then.

The Friendship Album was donated by Virginia Kaiser in 2012.  She is a descendant of Hannah Huntington Wolcott Freeman's son, Huntington Wolcott Freeman (1835-1906).  Hannah Wolcott letter to her brother J. Huntington Wolcott (2010-94-0) was a Museum purchase.

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Physical Access Note: Some materials are fragile and staff may require the use of facsimiles.

Acquisition Source: Wolcott, Alice (1843-1927)

Acquisition Method: The bulk of the collection was donated in 1906 by Alice Wolcott, a granddaughter of Frederick Wolcott.

Preferred Citation: Wolcott Family Collection, 1906-04-0, Litchfield Historical Society, Helga J. Ingraham Memorial Library, P.O. Box 385, 7 South Street, Litchfield, Connecticut, 06759.

Processing Information: The collection was previously processed without the use of authority files for names.  It had been intermingled with another collection (John A. Vanderpoel Collection), which has since been removed.  The description for many of the items in the collection was created collaboratively by historian Doron S. Ben-Atar and archivist Linda Hocking as part of a previous project.

Other Note:

Additional information about the Wolcott family is available on the Litchfield Historical Society's Web site.

This collection was processed with support from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR).

Other URL: http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/library/families/wolcott.php

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1740-1844],
[Series 2: Miscellany],
[Series 3: Accruals],
[Series 4: [not used]],

Series 4: [not used]Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1740-1844],
[Series 2: Miscellany],
[Series 3: Accruals],
[Series 4: [not used]],

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