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Litchfield County American Revolutionary War-era court records

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

American Revolutionary War soldier records

Other records



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Litchfield County American Revolutionary War-era court records, 1774-1781 | Litchfield Historical Society

By Leith Johnson

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Collection Overview

Title: Litchfield County American Revolutionary War-era court records, 1774-1781Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Primary Creator: Connecticut. County Court (Litchfield County)

Extent: 1.25 Linear Feet. More info below.

Date Acquired: 12/03/2010

Subjects: Connecticut. County Court (Litchfield County), Connecticut. County Court (Litchfield County) - History, Litchfield County (Conn.), United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783

Forms of Material: Legal documents

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Litchfield County American Revolutionary War-era court records primarily relate to Connecticut residents who failed to muster when warned with their respective Connecticut military units. There is a small, but significant, group of case files, land seizure records, and miscellaneous documents. The records cover the period 1774-1781, centering on the years of 1777 through 1779. The records are arranged in two series and include summonses, depositions, executions, dockets, and other documents.

Series 1, American Revolutionary War soldier records, 1777-1779, is the largest series (2 lin. ft.). For each defendant, there is a summons, detailing the company to which the defendant was assigned to report and often a description of the mission the company undertook in the defendant's absence. In some cases, there is a letter, deposition, or similar document providing an explanation for the defendant's absence.

Series 2, Other records, 1774-1781, consists of the three sub-series. The first, Cases, 1774-1781, includes 20 criminal and civil cases (2 folders). Most of the cases involve disputes over land or debts. Several cases are more sensational. In Governor and company v. Buell, the defendant is accused of using force to defy an order that he and 39 other Litchfield households provide a blanket for the military's use. Governor and company v. Moss involves a complaint that Moss used force to obtain "carnal knowledge of the body of Lois Colver." In Hall v. Bartholomew and Bartholomew, a married couple is accused of  "the uttering of scandalous and defamatory words" describing licentious behavior on the part of the plaintiff. In State v. Hicock, Hicock Jr., Squire, Squire, Squire Jr., Skeel, Hicock Jr., Han, Hicock, Hicock, Squire, Squire, Hicock, Thorp, and Bates, the defendants are accused of assembling "in a tumultuous and riotous manner to rescue Truman Skeel out of the hands of Frederick Bunnel, a Continental officer," and others. The second sub-series, Land seizures, 1777-1779 (1 folder), documents residents accused of siding with the British forces who had their land taken from them as a result of Connecticut law. The third sub-series, Other papers, 1778-1779 (1 folder), consists of dockets and a fragment.

Subject/Index Terms

Connecticut. County Court (Litchfield County)
Connecticut. County Court (Litchfield County) - History
Litchfield County (Conn.)
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783

Administrative Information

Repository: Litchfield Historical Society

Alternate Extent Statement: 3 document boxes

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Source: Donor unknown.

Acquisition Method: Found in collection.

Preferred Citation: Litchfield County American Revolutionary War-era court records (2010-373-0), Litchfield Historical Society, Helga J. Ingraham Memorial Library, P.O. Box 385, 7 South Street, Litchfield, CT, 06759

Other Note:

This collection was processed with support from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR).

This collection was previously titled Litchfield County Summonses, American Revolution and Litchfield County Summonses, Land Seizures.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: American Revolutionary War soldier records, 1777-1779],
[Series 2: Other records, 1774-1781],
[All]

Series 2: Other records, 1774-1781Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Cases, 1774-1781Add to your cart.
Arranged alphabetically by plaintiff.
Folder 1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Blackden v. Franklin, 1781Add to your cart.
Regarding a monetary judgment.
Item 2: Boge and Boge v. Nichol, 1777-1778Add to your cart.
Regarding payment of a debt.
Item 3: Clark v. Gibbs, 1777Add to your cart.
Regarding payment of a debt.
Item 4: Glass v. Tuttle, 1774-1778Add to your cart.
Regarding the sale of a horse.
Item 5: Governor and company v. Buel, 1778-1779Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Regarding the failure of Buel to provide an impressed and seized blanket.
Item 6: Governor and company v. Moss, 1779-1780Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Regarding Moss's carnal knowledge of the body of Lois Colver.
Item 7: Governor and company v. Peirce, 1779Add to your cart.
Regarding the theft of nails from Timothy Woodruff.
Item 8: Governor and company v. Norton, 1779Add to your cart.
Regarding the sale of wine at a price in breach of laws regulating prices.
Item 9: Governor and company v. Tomlinson, 1777Add to your cart.
Regarding a matter involving the prisoner Joel Stone.
Item 10: Hall v. Bartholomew and Bartholomew, 1777-1778Add to your cart.
Regarding the uttering of scandalous and defamatory words.
Item 11: Lord v. Wadhams, 1775-1778Add to your cart.
Regarding the aquisition of Lord's hogsheads of rum by Wadhams.
Folder 2Add to your cart.
Item 1: Marsh v. Buell, 1777-1778Add to your cart.
Regarding a land dispute.
Item 2: Schuyler v. Hurlburt, 1775-1777Add to your cart.
Regarding payment of a note.
Item 3: Sheldon v. Livingston [alias Moor], 1775Add to your cart.
Regarding the theft of a horse.
Item 4: Sheldon v. Tomlinson and Hinman, 1778-1779Add to your cart.
Regarding payment of a debt.
Item 5: Squire v. Washborn, 1775-1777Add to your cart.
Schedule of court costs.
Item 6: State v. Hicock, Hicock Jr., Squire, Squire, Squire Jr., Skeel, Hicock Jr., Han, Hicock, Hicock, Squire, Squire, Hicock, Thorp, and Bates, 1778-1779Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Regarding a complaint that the defendants assembled in a tumultuous and riotous manner to rescue Truman Skeel out of the hands of Frederick Bunnel, a Continental officer, and others.
Item 7: Tollman v. Castle, 1777-1778Add to your cart.
Regarding a land dispute.
Item 8: Wadhams v. Franklin, 1775-1778Add to your cart.
Regarding a land dispute.
Item 9: Watkins v. Buck, 1778-1781Add to your cart.
Regarding payment of a debt.
Sub-Series 2: Land seizure records, 1777-1779Add to your cart.

Records of land seized from individuals who sided with British forces.

Arranged by name of the defendant.

Folder 1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Baker, John, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 2: Benedict, John, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 3: Bishop, Sylvanus, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 4: Bishop, Sylvanus; Griswold, Daniel; Davies, James; Joy, John; Griswold, Seth and Johnson, Asa, 1778Add to your cart.
Item 5: Davies, John, 1777Add to your cart.
Item 6: Davies, John, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 7: Davies, John, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 8: Davies, William, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 9: Evers, Charles M., 1779Add to your cart.
Item 10: Joy, John, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 11: Miles, Samuel, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 12: Royce, Mark, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 13: Sherman, Justin, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 14: Smith, Daniel, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 15: Smith, Daniel and Wright, Jonathan, 1777Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Other records, 1778-1779Add to your cart.
Folder 1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Dockets, 1779Add to your cart.
Item 2: Fragment, 1778Add to your cart.
Scrap with "1778" on it.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: American Revolutionary War soldier records, 1777-1779],
[Series 2: Other records, 1774-1781],
[All]


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