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Phelps Family Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Other Papers

Photographs

Notes



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Phelps Family Papers, 1817-1945 | Litchfield Historical Society

By Joe Carrano

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Collection Overview

Title: Phelps Family Papers, 1817-1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Primary Creator: Phelps, Winthrop Henry (1818-1885)

Other Creators: Phelps, Ethel Lowerre (d.1969), Phelps, Lucy F. Robinson (1822 - 1901)

Extent: 7.0 Boxes

Arrangement:

The papers are arranged in four series:

1. Correspondance

2. Other Papers

3. Photographs

4. Notes

Date Acquired: 09/26/1961. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Clergy, Phelps family, United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865, United States. Army. Connecticut Artillery Regiment, 2nd (1863-1865)

Forms of Material: Account books, Correspondence, Diaries, Financial records

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Phelps Family Papers consist primarily of correspondence. Most of the letters date from 1854-1865 and were written to or from Rev. Winthrop Henry Phelps, who served as chaplain to the 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery during the Civil War and from his wife Lucy F. Robinson Phelps. Among the most noteworthy of the papers are a series of diaries maintained by Rev. Phelps. Several of these were edited by his granddaughter Ethel Lowerre Phelps in 1945 and published as limited editions titled "A Chaplain's Life in the Civil War." The papers also contain three of Rev. Phelps' sermons.

The papers consist of four series, Series 1, Correspondence,  Series 2, Other Papers, Series 3, Photographs, and Series 4, Notes, and are generally arranged by the creators. For a detailed inventory, click "Show Digital Content Links" at left and then "Phelps Family Papers inventory."

Collection Historical Note

Rev. Phelps was born in Albany, N.Y., in 1818, the son of William Phelps (1785-1858) and Chloe Reed May Phelps (1789-1868). They had three other children: Erasmus Addison Phelps, Charlotte Reed Phelps Van Hoeverberg, and Marietta Atwell Phelps. Rev. Phelps graduated from New York University in 1842. He studied at Union Theological Seminary, graduating in 1845. He also received a Master of Arts from New York University in 1845. He then held positions at the Congregational Church in Greenfield, N.Y., 1845-1846 and the Presbyterian Church in Hillsdale, N. Y., 1846-1849; was ordained a Presbyterian minister, 1848; and served at the Congregational Church in Stockbridge, Mass., 1849-1854; the Congregational Church in Monterey, Mass., 1854-1861; and the Congregational Church in  Hitchcocksville (now Riverton), Conn. 1861-1863. In 1863, he was appointed chaplain of the 2nd Connecticut Heavy Infantry, serving until 1865. He purchased a farm in S. Egremont, Mass., in 1866 and held several temporary church positions in the area. He moved to New York City in 1882 to take up liturgical work. He died in 1885.

In 1848, Rev. Phelps married Lucy Fassett Robinson Phelps (1822-1901), the widow of Andrew Benjamin, and a daughter of Royal Robinson (1789-1841) and Fanny Fassett Robinson (1799-1862). Rev. and Mrs. Phelps had four children: Winthrop Erasmus Phelps, Harriett Frances Phelps Beardsley, Edward Wilbor Phelps, and Fanny Robinson Phelps.

Subject/Index Terms

Clergy
Phelps family
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States. Army. Connecticut Artillery Regiment, 2nd (1863-1865)

Administrative Information

Repository: Litchfield Historical Society

Accruals: The first donation consisted primarily of museum objects including badges, and a soldier's cap; Chaplain Phelps's personal library; and a few documents relating to a temperence society within the regiment. The first addition was assigned a number, 1961-39-0, and contained Miss Phelps's edited version of her grandfather's diaries.  Upon her death in 1969, the executrix of her estate offered the original diaries and papers to the Historical Society.  They arrived in August of 1969 and were assigned the same number as the initial donation.

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Source: Ethel Lowerre Phelps

Acquisition Method: Gift

Preferred Citation: Phelps family papers (1961-39-0), Litchfield Historical Society, Helga J. Ingraham Memorial Library, P.O. Box 385, 7 South Street, Litchfield, Connecticut, 06759

Other Note: This collection was processed with support from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1797-1901],
[Series 2: Other Papers],
[Series 3: Photographs],
[Series 4: Notes],
[All]

Series 4: NotesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Ethel Lowerre Phelps NotesAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Calendars, Notes Part 1, 1945Add to your cart.
Notes on when some engagements of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery took place and two calendars, hand written for 1863, with marks on it for some events in Winthrop’s life.
Folder 2: Calendars, Notes Part 2, 1945Add to your cart.
Hand written calendars for 1864 through 1867. Also includes some notes about who wrote letters to Winthrop and his family.
Folder 3: Notes on diary, part 1, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 4: Notes on diary, part 2, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 5: Notes on diary, part 3, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 6: Notes on diary, part 4, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 7: Notes on diary, part 5, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 8: Notes on diary, part 6, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 9: Notes on diary, part 7, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 10: Notes on diary, part 8, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes contain mostly background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed. This folder contains mainly notes on the Connecticut War Records and articles written by the men of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery.
Folder 11: Notes on diary, part 9, 1945Add to your cart.
A list of references, mostly books, used to find background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps.
Folder 12: Notes on diary, part 10, 1945Add to your cart.
Half of this is a list of references used to find background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. The other half contains notes on the history of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery.
Folder 13: Notes on diary, part 11, 1945Add to your cart.
Half of this contains notes on the history of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery's enagements, troop movement, and some quotes from the diary about these things. The other half mainly contains background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 14: Notes on diary, part 12, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes mainly contain background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed. This section's main concentration is on the men of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery.
Folder 15: Notes on diary, part 13, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes mainly contain background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed. This section's main concentration is on the men of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery.
Folder 16: Notes on diary, part 14, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes mainly contain background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 17: Notes on diary, part 15, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes mainly contain background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 18: Notes on diary, part 16, 1945Add to your cart.
These notes mainly contain background information on things and people mentioned and dates of occurrence in the diary of Winthrop H. Phelps. Some of the page numbers for these entries are listed.
Folder 19: Record of Letters to Rev. Winthrop H. Phelps, 1945Add to your cart.
Record of people who sent letters to Winthrop H. Phelps and includes the date it was sent and a brief description of what each letter was about.
Folder 20: Record of People Mentioned in Diaries and Letters, part 1, 1945Add to your cart.
These records contain lists of people mentioned in diaries and letters. Most of the record is for letters or diaries written by Winthrop H. Phelps.
Folder 21: Record of People Mentioned in Diaries and Letters, 1945Add to your cart.
These records contain lists of people mentioned in diaries and letters. Most of the record is for letters or diaries written by Winthrop H. Phelps.
Folder 22: Record of People Mentioned in Diaries and Letters, part 3, 1945Add to your cart.
These records contain lists of people mentioned in diaries and letters. Most of the record is for letters or diaries written by Winthrop H. Phelps.
Folder 23: Record of People Mentioned in Diaries and Letters, part 4, 1945Add to your cart.
These records contain lists of people mentioned in diaries and letters. Most of the record is for letters or diaries written by Winthrop H. Phelps.
Folder 24: Record of Reverend Winthrop H. Phelps Letters, 1945Add to your cart.
This record is an alphabetized list, organized by recipients of Winthrop H. Phelps’s letters.  Also included is a list of where Winthrop preached his sermons, with a date next to each.
Sub-Series 2: Lucy F. Robinson Phelps NotesAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Notes, [1838 - 1843]Add to your cart.
2 pages of notes, the first is a recipe for two homemade dyes. One is for a Scarlet dye and the other is for a Slight Red dye. The other is an essay by Lucy entitled “On the Order of our time.” The main subject is about time management and not wasting time. On the back of it is a poem about love and dreaming.
Sub-Series 3: Rev. Winthrop H. Phelps PapersAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Phelps, Winthrop H., Rev., [1863 - 1865]Add to your cart.
4 pages of notes, the first note is a list of reasons for joining the army as a chaplain and the reasons against it. Also included is a list of things that would need to be attended to if he left. The second note gives the religious reasons for the formation of The Christian Association of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery.  The third note is a list of casualties from Company E of the 2nd Connecticut Volunteer Artillery. The third note is a draft for a table, listing the number casualties in the regiment by company, degree of injury, and the engagement which it occurred.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1797-1901],
[Series 2: Other Papers],
[Series 3: Photographs],
[Series 4: Notes],
[All]


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