Log In | Contact Us| View Cart (0)
Browse: Collections Digital Content Subjects Creators Record Groups

Elijah Boardman Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Elijah Boardman Accounts

Elijah and Daniel Boardman Records

Miscellaneous Boardman Family Papers

Miscellaneous Ledgers



Contact us about this collection

Elijah Boardman Papers, 1782-1853 | Litchfield Historical Society

By Linda M. Hocking

Printer-friendly Printer-friendly | Email Us Contact Us About This Collection

Collection Overview

Title: Elijah Boardman Papers, 1782-1853Add to your cart.

Primary Creator: Boardman, Elijah (1760-1823)

Extent: 97.0 Items

Arrangement: The collection is arranged in four series.

Date Acquired: 03/12/2012. More info below under Accruals.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Elijah Boardman Papers (2012-07-0) consist of 97 volumes, primarily documenting Boardman's  business dealings under various enterprises. Twenty six volumes document the business enterprise he ran with his brother, Daniel Boardman in New Milford, Connecticut. Two volumes were kept by his wife, Mary Anna Whiting Boardman. Four ledgers document other businesses, presumably turned over to Boardman for collection.

Boardman's business had close ties to Litchfield and relates to a number of other collections (see administrative information for details). Before embarking on a mercantile venture with his brother Daniel in New Milford in 1781, Boardman served in the American Revolution and trained as a clerk in New Haven. The brothers’ newspaper advertisements (not included in this collection) reveal a network of trade, offering goods from Europe and India in exchange for agricultural products. The ledgers document this intricate pattern in which local agricultural goods, received in trade or purchased, were shipped to New York and sold at a premium. He brought back rum, molasses, and a large variety of textiles to sell in the local market.

In 1795, Boardman became a member of the Connecticut Land Co., one of the purchasers of the Connecticut Western Reserve. Boardman became prominent in politics after 1800. He was repeatedly elected to the Connecticut General Assembly and was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1821. For this election, Boardman, a democrat, joined Oliver Wolcott (1760–1833) on the Toleration Party ticket.

In 1792, Boardman married Mary Anna Whiting. They had six children. Two of their sons, William Whiting Boardman and George Sherman Boardman, attended the Litchfield Law School. Two daughters, Caroline Boardman Schroeder and Mary Anna Boardman, attended the Litchfield Female Academy.

While serving his Senate term, Boardman died on a visit to Ohio in 1823.

This collection is currently being processed. If you have questions, please contact Linda Hocking at lhocking@litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org. For images and details about the processing project, see the tumblr page eboardman.tumblr.com.

Biographical Note

Elijah Boardman (1760-1823) of New Milford, born there, married Mary Anna Whiting in 1792 and they had six children. Boardman was educated in New Milford and served in the American Revolution. After training as a clerk in New Haven, he commenced business as a merchant in New Milford in 1781. In 1795, he became a member of the Connecticut Land Co., one of the purchasers of the Connecticut Western Reserve. He possessed a large amount of property, standing second on the tax list of New Milford at the time of his death. He became prominent in politics after 1800. He was repeatedly elected to the Connecticut General Assembly and was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1821. He died in Ohio in 1823.

Administrative Information

Repository: Litchfield Historical Society

Accruals: One volume, Daybook No. 26, was purchased and donated by Derin Bray.

Acquisition Source: Caroline Boardman McDaniel Lamphier

Acquisition Method: The collection is a gift of Joan Boardman Wright McDaniel and her daughter, Caroline Boardman McDaniel Lamphier, direct descendants of Elijah and Mary Anna Whiting Boardman.

Related Materials:

Boardman & Seymour records (http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/archon/?p=collections/findingaid&id=127&q=&rootcontentid=3074), 1794­–1811(a collection of orders, invoices, receipts, and correspondence documenting a partnership between Boardman and Moses Seymour Jr. of Litchfield) document the extent of Boardman’s trade. The Notes and Proceedings of the Connecticut Land Company (http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/archon/?p=collections/controlcard&id=961), 1795–1809; the Judson Canfield papers(http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/archon/?p=collections/controlcard&id=275) 1760–1856; and the Samuel Flewwelling Papers have to do with the Connecticut Western Reserve.

Related materials in other repositories include the Boardman Family Papers at Yale University Library Manuscript and Archives; the Daniel Boardman Papers at  Columbia University Libraries Rare Book & Manuscript Library; the Boardman Family Papers at the New Haven Museum; and the Boardman Papers at the William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan.

The American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art is home to a Ralph Earl painting of Boardman (http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/20011181).

The Wadsworth Athenaeum collections include the Earl landscape of the Boardman house in New Milford, CT. The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens in San Marino, CA holds the Earl painting of Boardman’s wife(http://emuseum.huntington.org/view/objects/asitem/People$00401166/0?t:state:flow=9cfe3c78-1169-4d36-bbd8-bc16523445eb) Mary Anna Whiting Boardman, and their son William Whiting Boardman.

For more information please see http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/archon/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=127.

Other URL: http://www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org/ledger/students/356


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Elijah Boardman Accounts, 1794-1824],
[Series 2: Elijah and Daniel Boardman Records, 1782-1794],
[Series 3: Miscellaneous Boardman Family Papers, 1824-1853],
[Series 4: Miscellaneous Ledgers, undated],
[All]

Series 1: Elijah Boardman Accounts, 1794-1824Add to your cart.
Accounts of Elijah Boardman's business as a dry goods merchant. Family accounts are also included. The series is made up of daybooks, blotters, balance books, waste books, ledgers, checkbooks, indexes, lists of balances, open accounts, and cash accounts.
Sub-Series 1: Balance booksAdd to your cart.
Elijah Boardman's balance books, arranged by year. Please note there are several years missing.
Item 1: Balance book, 1795-1796Add to your cart.

Lists of balances due on books. Includes alphabetical listing of names, the ledger in which the transaction is recorded, and the amount. The first list is dated 1 Apr 1795, the next 1 Sep 1795, and the last 1 Sep 1796.

Of particular interest is that Boardman segregated the race of his customers and listed African Americans under the letter "n" titled, "Negroes & Mulattoes." None of those listed as either "negro" or "mulatto" include a sir name. It is unclear whether those listed were enslaved, indentured, or free. Some listings include the name of a presumed owner or employer, for example, "Ned_ Negro of Boardman." Similar entries appear in each of the three balance lists.

Item 2: Balance Book, 1798Add to your cart.

The cover page is missing, the first page is dated 1 September 1798. The book is comprised of an alphabetical listing of names, the amount owed, and the letter of the ledger in which the balance is recorded.

As in the earlier volume, Boardman listed African Americans under the letter "n" and wrote the word "Negro" prior to given names.

Item 3: Balance Book, 1799Add to your cart.

The first page is titled, "Balances due on E. Boardman's Books 1 Sept.r 99." The book is comprised of an alphabetical listing of names, the amount owed, and the letter of the ledger in which the balance is recorded. This is followed by a one page listing titled, "Accounts whose balences cannot be taken" Several blank pages follow, after which is a listing titled, "Notes due E. boardman on which Interest is due from the date Decr. 1799." Another list, "Notes due D&E Boardman property of Elijah Boardman_ On which Interest is due from the dates Decr 26 1799" follows. The final entry, "Balances due on D& E Boardman's books_ 1800" appears next.

As in the earlier volume, Boardman listed African Americans under the letter "n" and wrote the word "Negro" prior to given names.

Item 4: Balance Book, 1806Add to your cart.
Balance Book from 1806 includes alphabetical listing of Balances due on Elijah Boardman's Books 1st Sept 1806 on pages 1-20. Pages 21-27 are blank. Pages 28-29 include a list of unliquedated accounts on E.B. Books 1 Sept 1806. These include accounts for the Acqueduct Company and the New Connecticut settlement. Pages 30-31 are blank. Pages 32-39 include Notes due E. Boardman 1 Jany 1807. Page 40 contains Foreign Notes due; page 41 is blank. Page 42 contains New Preston notes and Company notes; pages 43-44 lists Notes taken for lands. Pages 45-46 include Company Balances 1 Sept 1806. Three loose documents were inserted between pages 48 and 49 which are described as subsequent items.
Item 1: Leggett Fox & Co to Boardman & Bennett, 1813 Mar 15Add to your cart.
Letter regarding the price of pork, notes no great demand for the quantity at market but if Boardman sends any they will sell at the best advantage. Notes that dry good prices are high and that they will advance without alteration in "our Political affairs." recommends that Boardman come early to make purchases.
Item 2: Memorandum of some fireland owned at Fairfield and Norwalk, 1815 Jun 28Add to your cart.
Mr. Stevens of Sheffield's memorandum of fire lands regarding settlement of particular tracts of the Western Reserve lands. Includes accounting of particular ranges and names of owners.
Item 3: Unknown to Elijah Boardman, 1816 Oct 27Add to your cart.
Letter from Boardman, OH reporting on the price of cheese and nails. Gives some news of individuals including Mrs. Swan and Mrs. Noble. The writer provides information about his expenses and time and notes several trips to Pittsburgh to buy and sell goods.
Item 5: Balance Book, 1808Add to your cart.
Pages 1-21 include an alphabetical listing of "Balances due E. Boardman" September 1808. This includes listings for the "New Connecticut Settlement" and the New Milford Land Company. Boardman made a separte listing for "Negroes" on page 21. Fourteen individuals are listed, including one named Ned Boardman. Page 22 includes a list of "Company Balances" dated September 1808; Pages 26-27 include unliquedated accounts of the same date; "Notes due E. Boardman" are listed on pages 29-38. Page 38 also includes a listing of New Preston Notes. Pages 38-40 include E. Boardman Company Notes and page 40 has a list of Vermont Claims.
Item 6: Balance Book, 1810Add to your cart.
Pages unnumbered, the first alphabetical listing is of "Balances due on E. Boardman's Books" September 1, 1810. Includes several notations near entries, including that Andrew Bostwick is the School Master; there is a listing for the "New Connecticut Setttlement" and one for the New Milford and Litchfield Turnpike Company as well as one for stock in a carding machine and one for Tapping Reeve. Boardman again separates African Americans with a listing for thirteen individuals titled "Negros" at the end of the balances. With the exception of one name which appears in 1808 but not here, the names are the same. Following this is a listing of company balances; unliquedated accounts including a backsmith shop owned by EB & J Wells and a fulling mill in Ohio; balances due on E. Boardman's notes; foreign notes; E. BOardman's company notes; and New Preston notes.
Item 7: Balance Book, 1813Add to your cart.
Pages 1-20 include an alphabetical listing of balances due on Boardmans books due 1 November 1813. The list includes Judson Canfield and Philo Ruggles. Once again Boardman includes a list of African Americans, this time filed under "N." Pages 21-29 include balances due on notes with notations on those "in the hands of" others for collection. Collectors include Philo Ruggles, Moses Seymour, Jr., Horatio Seymour and others. Pages 30-31 contain a list titled "List of Foreign Notes E. Boardman Property Int Lost to Nov 1 1813" and 31-32 contain a listing of notes taken since the balances of November 1 1813.
Item 8: Balance Book, 1815Add to your cart.
Pages 1-15 include an alphabetical listing of balances due on Boardmans books due 1 November 1815. Of particular interest are listings for a fulling mill in Ohio and stock in a carding machine. Boardman includes a list of African Americans filed under "N" on page 10. There are several individuals marked "negro" listed in the alphabetical listing as well, including Andrew Weldon and Asher Lockwood. Pages 16-26 include balances due on E. Boardman's notes. Pages 27-28 contain a list of balances due on E. Boardman's foreign notes.
Item 9: Balance Book, 1819Add to your cart.
Pages 1-12 include an alphabetical listing of balances due on Boardmans books due 1 November 1818. Of interest are entries for carding machine profit & loss, a fish right at ferry, the New Milford Land Company and the town and school house. Once again Boardman includes a list of African Americans filed under "N." There are several individuals listed alphabetically under their last name, including Charles Taylor and Andrew Weldon with the word "Negro" by their names. Pages 14-25 include balances due on notes. Pages 27-28 contain a list of Foreign Notes due E. Boardman.
Item 10: Balance Book, 1819Add to your cart.
Pages 1-11 include an alphabetical listing of balances due on Boardmans books due 1 November 1819. Of interest are entries for Tapping Reeve and Maryann Wolcott as well as one for "school at Miss Everitts." Boardman includes a list of African Americans filed under "N" on page 8. Pages 14-24 include balances due on notes. Pages 26-27 contain a list of Foreign Notes due E. Boardman.
Sub-Series 2: BlottersAdd to your cart.
Elijah Boardman's blotter books. Listed by date. Please note some years are missing.
Item 1: Blotter No. 2, 1795Add to your cart.
Item 2: Blotter, unnumbered, 1796Add to your cart.
Item 3: Blotter No. 5, 1797Add to your cart.
Item 4: Blotter No. 7, 1798Add to your cart.
Item 5: Blotter No. 13, 1801Add to your cart.
Item 6: Blotter No. 14, 1802Add to your cart.
Item 7: Blotter No. 22, 1805Add to your cart.
Item 8: Blotter No. 24, 1806Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: DaybooksAdd to your cart.
Elijah Boardman's daybooks. Arranged by date. Note there are volumes missing.
Item 1: Daybook No. 1, 1795Add to your cart.
Daybook dating from 5 Jan 1795 to 29 August 1795 containing entries for dry goods such as salt, butter, rum, molasses, fabric, ribbons, tamarinds,  etc. Also contains a listing of goods shipped to New York. Two African Americans, Jethro and Peter, are listed as "Negroes living at Col. Canfields." There are several entries for work done on windows by Daniel Line and one for Jabez Hurd to paingtthe barn. There are two entries mentioning work done on the Aspetuck River, one for work removing a covering and another for a fence. The last page includes listings for various animals grazing on Boardman's land and associated fees.
Item 2: Daybook No. 1 (New Preston), 1799Add to your cart.
This is the first daybook listing the transactions of Boardman's store in New Preston. It includes numerous transactions with the New Milford store. It provides detailed accounting of goods and services purchased for the construction of the New Preston store as well as a barn including lodging and food for the workmen. There are also numerous transactions with Henry Seymour who appears to have been working for Boardman as well as trading hats for his brother Ozias Seymour. The goods bought and sold to and from local residents are typical of the goods sold in the New Milford store, such as butter, pork, fabrick, spices, combs, etc.
Item 3: Daybook No. 3, 1794Add to your cart.
Item 4: Daybook No. 4, 1795Add to your cart.
Item 5: Daybook No. 5, 1795Add to your cart.
Item 6: Daybook No. 7, 1797Add to your cart.
Item 7: Daybook No. 8, 1797Add to your cart.
Item 8: Daybook No. 9, 1798Add to your cart.

Daily listing of Elijah Boardman's accounts from 1798 listing goods and services purchased and sold including textiles, rum, brandy, nails, tea, shoes, felt hats, and numerous agricultural products.

Of particular note are entries for the New Milford Land Company, the first of which appears on page 83, providing a list of the partners: Elijah Boardman, Homer Boardman, David Sherman Boardman, Jonathan Giddings, Zepheniah Briggs, Stanley Griswold, Frederick Wolcott, Elijah Wadsworth, and William Eli. It also gives their townships as #1 in the second range and #2 in the sixth range. Additional entries for the land company include a wagon partially paid for by Uriel Holmes to carry goods to New Connecticut, oil cloth for covering the wagon, and three dozen pair of women's shoes. Augustine Thair is listed as setting out with the team. Later entries show purchases of medicine, paper, thread, and medeira.

The daybook also documents Boardman's clerk, Curtis Noble including entries for his pay and notation of illness and documents several transactions between Boardman's New Milford operation and his partnership in Litchfield, Boardman & Seymour. The bulk of these transactions involve flour.

Item 9: Daybook No. 10, 1798-1799Add to your cart.

This daybook begins with October of 1798 and continues through the beginning of March 1799. It contains a number of entries for the New Milford Land Company including one on page 26 for cash paid to laborers for digging potatoes; one on page 81 for rum drunk at the store by men returning from "New Connecticut"; page 125 for food items such as meat, apples, and cider; page 454 for sending Nathaniel Blakesly of Roxbury to New Connecticut; an entry on page 496 for Boardman's time writing and examining accounts; and several entries for postage.

Other entries indicate business Boardman was conducting on behalf of the town of New Milford, including time spent working with the turnpike company; working on the highway by the Kent line; entries for the Osatonik Turnpike Company (present day CT Route 34); and, on several occassions, meeting with the authority on Small Pox.

Of local interest is a stone sink for Dr. Sheldon; several entries for Boardman & Seymour including one referencing printer Thomas Collier; and a number of entries for Wadsworth & Kirby's mill.

Pages 524 and 532 make reference to shipping a portrait of Daniel Boardman to Newfield, the artist is not identified.

The last three pages of the daybook contain extensive accounts of pork and beef shipped to the care of R. Lines.

Item 10: Daybook No. 11, 1799Add to your cart.
Item 11: Daybook No. 15, 1801Add to your cart.
Item 12: Daybook No. 17, 1802Add to your cart.
Item 13: Daybook No. 19, 1803Add to your cart.
Item 14: Daybook No. 21, 1804Add to your cart.
Item 15: Daybook No. 22, 1805Add to your cart.
Item 16: Daybook No. 24, 1806Add to your cart.
Item 17: Daybook No. 25, 1807Add to your cart.
Item 18: Daybook No. 26, 1808 Jan-NovAdd to your cart.
Item 19: Daybook No. 27, 1808Add to your cart.
Item 20: Daybook No. 29, 1811Add to your cart.
Item 21: Daybook No. 32, 1813Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: LedgersAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Ledger DAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Ledger EAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Ledger GAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Ledger KAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Ledger NAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: Miscellaneous AccountsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Account of Notes Given Up, 1821-1829Add to your cart.
Bound volume containing 52 pages of entries including entries for promissory notes, endorsements, interest, and payments to Elijah Boardman. Many entries include the initials of Boardman's sons, George Sherman Boardman and William Whiting Boardman as agents of the transactions. The last few pages were entered after Boardman's death, presumably by one of his sons. Six notes on loose pages formerly inserted in the volume have been removed for separate storage.
Item 2: Amount Brot Up, undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Cash Account, 1824Add to your cart.
Item 4: Cash Paid Out, 1793Add to your cart.
Item 5: Checkbook, 1807Add to your cart.
Volume of printed checks from the Bridgeport Bank. The printed checks contain no personal or business name. The first five pages and last two pages of checks were cut out, the reaminder are intact. A few stubs contain notations, including some indicating checks written to Boardman. Three pages were inserted, including a note that Frederick Wolcott was owed $140 in store goods, a draft of a newspaper notice that the partnership between Daniel and Elijah Boardman was to be dissolved, and a check made out to Benoni S. Sanford for the dividend on Boardman's stock.
Item 6: Index, undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 7: Index, undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 8: Index, to 1802Add to your cart.
Item 9: Inventory of Goods & Property, 1797Add to your cart.
Item 10: List of Balances, 1794Add to your cart.
Item 11: Open Accounts on Ledger A Transferred to Ledger GAdd to your cart.
Item 12: Waste Book, 1795Add to your cart.
Series 2: Elijah and Daniel Boardman Records, 1782-1794Add to your cart.
Accounts of dry goods business operated by brothers Daniel and Elijah Boardman in New Milford, Connecticut. Includes daybooks, ledgers, blotters, and accounts of stock.
Sub-Series 1: Blot BooksAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Blot Book, 1784Add to your cart.
Item 2: Blot Book, 1788 MayAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Blot Book, 1788  SepAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Blot Book, 1789Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: DaybooksAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Daybook No. 3, 1782Add to your cart.
Item 2: Daybook No. 4, 1784Add to your cart.
Item 3: Daybook No. 14, 1784Add to your cart.
Item 4: Daybook No. 5, 1785Add to your cart.
Item 5: Daybook No. 6, 1785Add to your cart.
Item 6: Daybook No. 8, 1786Add to your cart.
Item 7: Daybook No. 9, 1787Add to your cart.
Item 8: Daybook No. 10, 1787Add to your cart.
Item 9: Daybook No. 11, 1788Add to your cart.
Item 10: Daybook No. 12, 1788Add to your cart.
Item 11: Daybook No. 13, 1789Add to your cart.
Item 12: Daybook No. 14, 1789Add to your cart.
Item 13: Daybook No. 15, 1790Add to your cart.
Item 14: Daybook No. 16, 1791Add to your cart.
Item 15: Daybook No. 18, 1792Add to your cart.
Item 16: Daybook No. 19, 1792Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: LedgersAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Ledger, undatedAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Ledger, 1783Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Miscellaneous AccountsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Daniel Boardman's Account of Stock with Daniel & Elijah Boardman, 1790Add to your cart.
Item 2: Daniel Boardman's Account of Stock with Daniel & Elijah Boardman, 1791Add to your cart.
Item 3: Daniel Boardman's Account of Stock with Daniel & Elijah Boardman, 1793Add to your cart.
Item 4: Daniel Boardman's Account of Stock with Daniel & Elijah Boardman, 1793-1794Add to your cart.
Item 5: Elijah Boardman Account with Daniel Boardman, 1793Add to your cart.
Series 3: Miscellaneous Boardman Family Papers, 1824-1853Add to your cart.
Miscellaneous bound volumes including Mary Anna Whiting Boardman's Ledger and Daybook; Homer Boardman's Accounts; J.F. Schroeder's Ledger; and Daniel Boardman's Ledger.
Item 1: Daniel Boardman Ledger BAdd to your cart.
Item 2: George Boardman Music BookAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Homer Boardman in Account with Elijah Boardman, Deceased, 1830Add to your cart.
Item 4: Mary Anna Boardman Daybook No. 1, 1824Add to your cart.
Item 5: Mary Anna Boardman Ledger A, 1824Add to your cart.
Item 6: J. F. Schroeder Teaching Log, 1853Add to your cart.
Item 7: Photograph of Boardman House, New Milford, CT, undatedAdd to your cart.
Series 4: Miscellaneous Ledgers, undatedAdd to your cart.
Several account books which appear to have been turned over to Boardman for collection by various other businesses.
Item 1: Baldwin LedgersAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Baldwin LedgersAdd to your cart.
Item 3: S. Graves Ledger, 1804Add to your cart.
Item 4: Herman Ruggles CheckbookAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Ruggles Daybook 1Add to your cart.
Item 6: Ruggles Daybook 2Add to your cart.
Item 7: Daniel Young Ledger, 1787Add to your cart.
Item 8: Ledger of a New Haven Hatter 1Add to your cart.
Item 9: Ledger of a New Haven Hatter 2Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Elijah Boardman Accounts, 1794-1824],
[Series 2: Elijah and Daniel Boardman Records, 1782-1794],
[Series 3: Miscellaneous Boardman Family Papers, 1824-1853],
[Series 4: Miscellaneous Ledgers, undated],
[All]


Page Generated in: 1.39 seconds (using 238 queries).
Using 2.41MB of memory. (Peak of 2.77MB.)

Powered by Archon Version 3.21 rev-1
Copyright ©2012 The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign