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Benjamin Tallmadge collection

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Legal papers

Financial papers

Miscellany

Frederick A. Tallmadge papers



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Benjamin Tallmadge collection, 1777-1864 | Litchfield Historical Society

By Anna Chen

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Collection Overview

Title: Benjamin Tallmadge collection, 1777-1864Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1778-1833

Primary Creator: Tallmadge, Benjamin (1754-1835)

Other Creators: Cushman, John P. (John Paine) (1784-1848), Tallmadge, Frederick A. (Frederick Augustus) (1792-1869)

Extent: 2.08 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

The collection is arranged in 5 series:

I. Correspondence

II. Legal papers

III. Financial papers

IV. Miscellany

V. Frederick A. Tallmadge papers

Date Acquired: 01/01/1933. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Cushman, John P. (John Paine), 1784-1848, Cushman, Maria Tallmadge, 1790-1878, Deming, Julius, 1755-1838, Destouches, Charles-René-Dominique Sochet, 1727-1794, Dwight, Timothy, 1752-1817, Hooker, Asahel, 1762-1813, Privateering--United States, Reeve, Tapping, 1744-1823, Revivals--United States, Second Great Awakening, Slavery, Society of the Cincinnati, United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Secret service, United States--Politics and government--1775-1783., United States--Religious life and customs, Washington, George, 1732-1799, Western Reserve (Ohio)

Forms of Material: Account books, Correspondence, Receipts

Languages: English, German

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Benjamin Tallmadge Collection documents the personal life and professional career of Colonel Benjamin Tallmadge through his correspondence as well as his legal, financial, and personal papers.  An army officer, chief intelligence officer, and organizer of the Culper spy ring during the Revolutionary War, Tallmadge became a businessman and U.S. Representative from Connecticut in Congress after the war.

The collection contains Tallmadge's duplicate original letters to George Washington concerning military operations and Tallmadge's operations of the secret service during the Revolutionary War.  These letters record  not only detailed summaries of battles, movements of troops, and requests for provisions, but also the activities of spies and communications of their intelligence.  Many of the letters are written in cipher.  Also included are two original letters from Washington to Tallmadge concerning military administration. 

The letters also record Tallmadge's business activities after the war, especially in his correspondence with his son-in-law, John Paine Cushman, a lawyer in New York and, from 1817-1819, U. S. Representative of New York in Congress, whose advice and assistance Tallmadge frequently sought for his financial transactions.

In addition, legal documents, accounts, and bills and receipts illuminate Tallmadge's business ventures, especially his purchases and sales of land in Vermont, New York, Massachusetts, and Ohio, with references to the Ohio Company and Western Reserve.  Other items include accounts for Tallmadge's store in Litchfield, Connecticut; receipts documenting his investment in privateering ships; and bills of sale for the purchase of slaves. 

Moreover, his letters to Cushman reveal their opinions on national politics and government, especially during Cushman's own service in Congress.  Meanwhile, his letters to his daughter, Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, document the religious revival movement in New England, in which Tallmadge took great interest, describing the activities of such revivalist preachers as Lyman Beecher, Asahel Nettleton, and Nathan Beman.  These letters also provide insight into the social and personal activities of the Tallmadge and Cushman families in Litchfield and elsewhere.  Occasionally, the letters are appended by notes to Maria from Tallmadge's second wife, Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge.

The collection also contains correspondence and business papers of Tallmadge's son, Frederick Augustus Tallmadge, which primarily concern Frederick Tallmadge's publication of his father's memoirs.

Subject/Index Terms

Cushman, John P. (John Paine), 1784-1848
Cushman, Maria Tallmadge, 1790-1878
Deming, Julius, 1755-1838
Destouches, Charles-René-Dominique Sochet, 1727-1794
Dwight, Timothy, 1752-1817
Hooker, Asahel, 1762-1813
Privateering--United States
Reeve, Tapping, 1744-1823
Revivals--United States
Second Great Awakening
Slavery
Society of the Cincinnati
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Secret service
United States--Politics and government--1775-1783.
United States--Religious life and customs
Washington, George, 1732-1799
Western Reserve (Ohio)

Administrative Information

Repository: Litchfield Historical Society

Accruals: Gifts from Emily Noyes Vanderpoel; Dorothy A. Johnson; Mary Floyd Tallmadge Seymour (1911); Elizabeth Delafield (1914); Morris W. Seymour (1917); L. J. Carrington (1923); Mary Floyd Williams (1942); White Memorial Foundation (1952); R. W. Belfit (1965); O. B. Swift (1971);  Lynne Brickley (2004, 2005); and Malcolm and Carol Bramley (2005).

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Physical Access Note: A few originals are not available due to fragility.  Use photocopy.

Acquisition Source: Mary Floyd Williams

Acquisition Method: Donated

Separated Materials: Account books, diplomas, certificates, and military commissions are housed in oversize boxes.

Original/Copies Note: Transcriptions are available for some documents.

Related Materials:

Mary Floyd Tallmadge Recipe Book, Litchfield Historical Society collection.

Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman Recipe Book, Litchfield Historical Society collection.

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT

Connecticut State Library

Hartford, CT

New York Historical Society

New York, NY

New York Public Library

New York, NY

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA

Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery

San Marino, CA

Yale University Library

New Haven, CT

Related Publications:

Benjamin Tallmadge, Memoir of Benjamin Tallmadge, Prepared by Himself at the Request of his Children (New York: Thomas Holman, 1858).

Charles Swain Hall, Benjamin Tallmadge: Revolutionary Soldier and American Businessman (New York: Columbia University Press, 1943).

Preferred Citation: Benjamin Tallmadge collection, 1933-19-0, Litchfield Historical Society, Helga J. Ingraham Memorial Library, P.O. Box 385, 7 South Street, Litchfield, Connecticut, 06759.

Processing Information: The bulk of this material was formerly arranged, in chronological order grouped by type of material, in scrapbooks.  This finding aid retains the chronological arrangement by type of material.

Other Note:

Material objects at the Litchfield Historical Society relating to the Benjamin Tallmadge Collection include:

-2 portraits of Benjamin Tallmadge and Mary Floyd Tallmadge by Ralph Earl (1917-04-01, 1917-04-02)

-silver teaspoon (1907-02-14)

-silver tablespoons (1907-02-13, 1907-02-12, 1958-09-8)

-Chinese export porcelain coffee cup (1908-07-01)

-portrait miniature of Benjamin Tallmadge by John Ramage, 1783 (1986-17-1)

-silver tea service (1992-13-1 a-d)

-Benjamin Tallmadge & Co. trade sign (1971-06-0)

-oil painting of Benjamin Tallmadge by Ezra Ames, ca. 1825 (1974-09-1)

-oil painting of Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge by Ezra Ames, ca. 1825 (1974-09-2)

-hair cutting of Benjamin Tallmadge (1949-25-1)

-mourning pin with cutting of Benjamin Tallmadge's hair (ca 1910-01-19)

-silver salt spoon (1907-02-16)

-silver sugar tongs (1912-14-3)

-2 silver salt spoons (1912-14-4)

-silver mustard spoon (1907-02-15)

-large silver urn (1972-05-8)

Contact museum curator for further information at curator@litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org

This collection was processed with support from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR).


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1776-1856],
[Series 2: Legal papers, 1782-1844],
[Series 3: Financial papers, 1778-1835],
[Series 4: Miscellany, 1783-1834],
[Series 5: Frederick A. Tallmadge papers, 1811-1864],
[All]

Series 1: Correspondence, 1776-1856Add to your cart.

Series 1, arranged chronologically, consists of letters from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington during the American Revolution, and letters among Tallmadge's family members after the war.  The letters are fair copies in Tallmadge's hand.

Tallmadge's letters to Washington document his military activities, as well as his activities as George Washington's chief intelligence officer and the organizer of the Culper spy ring.  The collection also contains two original letters from George Washington to Tallmadge (in folders 12 and 18).

After the war, Tallmadge's correspondence with his family members record his business activities as well as religious, political, and social news in Litchfield, New England, and Washington, D. C.

Folder 1: 1777Add to your cart.
1 letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, concerning the purchase of horses for the army.
Folder 2: 1778 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, concerning provisions.  He expresses his concern over the scarcity of stables and hay for his regiment's horses as well as his difficulty finding lodging for his men, and discusses the purchase of breeches, boots, and swords.
Folder 3: 1778 Mar-MayAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington.  Discusses Colonel Elisha Sheldon's contract with Mr. Estey of Massachusetts to purchase leather breeches for the regiment; asks whether dragoons whose families suffer by means of their absence may be dismissed from service; and reports on the condition of the troops and laments their lack of supplies and cash.
Folder 4: 1778 Jun-DecAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington.  Complains about the regiment's lack of horses.  Informs Washington of his failure to receive a letter from Culper, the code name for members of Tallmadge's espionage network, and discusses Culper's concern about secrecy.
Folder 5: 1779 Jan-AprAdd to your cart.
One letter from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington reporting on Culper's intelligence; his expenses; an intrusion into Culper's room by two women living in his house; and his satisfaction with a vial of ink sent him by Washington.
Folder 6: 1779 May-JunAdd to your cart.
Letter from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington reporting on the failure of the arrival of a letter from Culper, and on Colonel Elisha Sheldon's desire to obtain horses for his regiment.
Folder 7: 1779 Jul-AugAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.

Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington.  The first two letters concern correspondence with Culper, including several passages in code.  The third letter concerns provisions of weapons and horses for the regiment.

The letter in cipher dated 1779 Jul 28 was conserved by Richard Stenman on June 27, 2009.  Report filled with 1933-19-0.

Folder 8: 1779 Sep-OctAdd to your cart.
Three letters from Benjamin Tallmadge to General Robert Howe and George Washington.  The first letter describes his recent military expedition at Lloyd's Neck; in the next two letters, he reports on the drafting of soldiers and on the desertion and subsequent recapture and punishment of three soldiers.
Folder 9: 1779 Nov-DecAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, reporting on Culper's intelligence.
Folder 10: 1780 Jan-MarAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington and Colonel Samuel Webb, reporting on intelligence from Culper Jr. and asking that Captain Bull be excused from immediately joining the regiment, due to the imminent death of his wife.
Folder 11: 1780 Apr-MayAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington. The letters discuss provisions for the regiment and intelligence reports from Culper Sr. and Culper Jr.
Folder 12: 1780 Jun-JulAdd to your cart.
Three letters, two from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington and one from George Washington to Benjamin Tallmadge.  The letters discuss troop movements and intelligence from the Culpers.
Folder 13: 1780 Aug-DecAdd to your cart.
Three letters: two from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, describing the recent military engagement at Fort St. George, and one from Tallmadge to Captain David Edgar, giving him military instructions.
Folder 14: 1781 Jan-AprAdd to your cart.
Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, discussing military tactics, deserters, and an improved plan to safely convey secret dispatches from Culper.
Folder 15: 1781 May-DecAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, discussing intelligence from Culper; the activities of prisoners; and the importance of procuring horses for the regiment.
Folder 16: 1782 Jan-JunAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, discussing intelligence from Culper and referring to a letter from Silas Deane.
Folder 17: 1782 Jul-SepAdd to your cart.
Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, discussing additions to the secret intelligence network and recommending the conduct of Sergeant Elijah Churchill.
Folder 18: 1782 Oct-DecAdd to your cart.

Five letters: Four from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington and one from George Washington to Benjamin Tallmadge.  Tallmadge's letters report on a failed naval engagement off of Long Island and relaying secret intelligence reports.

George Washington's letter concerns the capture of four refugees.

Folder 19: 1783 JanAdd to your cart.
Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, which describe his efforts to guard the coast near Greenfield; the desertion and return of Thomas Banks; the loss of a vessel to enemy ships; and the subsequent capture of enemy boats.
Folder 20: 1783 FebAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington, reporting on his successful capture of an armed enemy vessel on the Long Island Sound.  The letters also observe the illicit trading activity of enemy privateers on the Sound.
Folder 21: 1783 MarAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington.  In the first letter, Tallmadge reports on the confinement of Nathan Barnum, prisoner of war.  The last two letters inform Washington of the peace treaty just concluded in Europe.
Folder 22: 1783 Apr-DecAdd to your cart.
Two letters from Benjamin Tallmadge to George Washington.  The first details financial compensation for Culper and others in the secret service network and concludes with Tallmadge's expressions of gratitude and respect for Washington's leadership during the war.  The second instructs Washington on how to reach him after he has departed from Princetown.
Folder 23: 1793Add to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Timothy Dwight, containing extensive reflections on the morals and piety of his upbringing and early life, on his religious values while in the military, and on his present religious views.
Folder 24: 1794 Jan-JunAdd to your cart.
Business letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Nehemiah Hubbard, referring to a note against  the painter Ralph Earl.
Folder 25: 1794 Jul-DecAdd to your cart.
Letter, from Asahel Hooker to Benjamin Tallmadge, with religious advice for Tallmadge's difficult circumstances.  The letter is accompanied by a note by Hooker expressing his hope that his counsel will be satisfactory to Tallmadge.
Folder 26: 1800Add to your cart.
Business letter from Benjamin Tallmadge to Peleg Coffin, treasurer of the state of Massachusetts, concerning payment of several notes for a sale of land.  The folder also includes an engraved portrait of Tallmadge.
Folder 27: 1806Add to your cart.
Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Julius Deming, discussing the purchase of a silver christening bowl for their church.
Folder 28: 1807Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Three letters: one from Tapping Reeve to Benjamin Tallmadge's daughter Maria; one from Tallmadge to Reeve; and one from Tallmadge to Maria.  Reeve's letter to Maria reassure her about her decision to turn down an unwanted suitor, while Tallmadge's to Maria praises her for her newfound views on sin and salvation.  He also mentions writing poetry, and encloses an Ode for Christmas.  Reeve's letter to Maria was conserved in August 2009.

Tallmadge's letter to Reeve thanks him for effecting the religious transformation in his daughter Maria and encourages him to visit Tallmdage's children more often in order to instill religious fervor in them.

This letter was conserved by Richard Stenman n June 27, 2009.  The report is filed in 1933-19-0.

Folder 29: 1808Add to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to his daughter Maria, expressing his satisfaction with her decision to join the Church of Christ in Litchfield and providing further religious reflections. He also writes of his desire for Maria's brother and sister to follow in her religious zeal.
Folder 30: 1809Add to your cart.

Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to his daughter Maria and to Governor John Treadwell of CT.  To Maria, he writes of the difficulties his minority political party faces in Washington, including his efforts to defeat a bill to raise a standing army. 

Tallmadge's note to Treadwell indicates an enclosed letter to General Jedidiah Huntington on the subject of the militia.

Folder 31: 1812Add to your cart.

Two letters, from Tapping Reeve to Maria Cushman and from Benjamin Tallmadge and his wife to Joshua Huntington.  In the first letter, Reeve provides religious reflections; informs Maria of a religious awakening taking place in Southberry and Middlebury; and expresses his best wishes for her on her recent marriage to John Paine Cushman.

The letter from Benjamin and Maria Tallmadge expresses their condolences on the death of Joshua Huntington's daughter.

Folder 32: 1812 (fragile)Add to your cart.

Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Governor Roger Griswold, indicating his acceptance as a member of the thirteenth United States Congress.

This letter was conserved by Richard Stenman on June 27, 2009.  The report is filed with 1933-19-0.

Folder 33: 1813Add to your cart.
Letter, from Tapping Reeve to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman.  He mentions the pestilence in Litchfield and offers religious reflections.
Folder 34: 1814Add to your cart.

Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to his son-in-law John Paine Cushman, and from Tapping Reeve to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman. 

Tallmadge's letter includes social news and mentions monetary exchanges.  Reeve's letter also contains social news, as well as information about the religious awakening in Litchfield and extensive religious reflections.

Folder 35: 1815Add to your cart.
Letter from Benjamin Tallmadge to his daughter Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman.  Tallmadge expresses his gratitude at hearing of Maria's improved health and offers religious reflections.
Folder 36: 1816 Jan-JunAdd to your cart.
Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to his son-in-law John Paine Cushman, reporting on the religious awakening moving through Connecticut and Massachusetts and exhorting Cushman to open his heart to God.
Folder 37: 1816 Jul-AugAdd to your cart.

Three letters: one from Benjamin Tallmadge's son William to his sister Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, another from Benjamin Tallmadge to his daughter Maria, and a third from Tallmadge to Captain Alden Partridge, superintendent of the Military Academy at West Point.

In his letter to his sister, William Tallmadge describes his recent trip to the Netherlands and mentions falling in love with an English girl.

Benjamin Tallmadge's letter to Maria expresses his joy at the influence of the religious revival on his daughter Harriot.

Benjamin Tallmadge's letter to Captain Partridge introduces his son, George Washington Tallmadge, reviews his son's prior education, and expresses his hope that his son will flourish at the military academy at West Point.

Folder 38: 1816 Sep-DecAdd to your cart.
Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman, reporting on the death of Rev. Lyman Beecher's first wife, Roxana (Foote) Beecher.
Folder 39: 1817Add to your cart.

Two letters to John Paine Cushman, one from Benjamin Tallmadge, Jr., and the other from Benjamin Tallmadge, Sr.  The first letter requests Cushman's assistance, in his capacity as a delegate to Congress, to advance the interest of Tallmadge Jr.'s friend, a midshipman on the US Ship Washington named Mr. Whipple.

In the second letter, Tallmadge Sr. reports social news,  and expresses his distaste for another war, referring to the "Spanish patriots in South America."

Folder 40: 1818 Jan 1-Jan 15Add to your cart.

Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Colonel John Tayloe and John Paine Cushman.

Tallmadge's letter to Tayloe serves as a letter of introduction for Cushman.  His letters to Cushman contain social news and political commentary, including an observation that the bill to aid indigent Revolutionary solders has not yet been passed.

Folder 41: 1818 Jan 16-31Add to your cart.

Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge and William Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  Benjamin Tallmadge discusses Congressional business, including the case of John Anderson's attempted bribery of members of Congress, and updates Cushman on the activities and health of Cushman's young children. 

William Tallmadge's letter to Cushman mentions his search for employment.

Folder 42: 1818 FebAdd to your cart.
Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  The letters discuss political figures and news, including his dislike of the idea of pay attached to the brevet rank, his disappointment that Revolutionary War veterans have not received sufficient monetary compensation, and his hope for the passage of a national bankruptcy law.  Tallmadge also mentions his and his wife's recent attack of influenza.
Folder 43: 1818 MarAdd to your cart.
Five letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman, primarily discussing Congressional and political business, including his disappointment that the bankruptcy bill may fail and the imminent adjournment of Congress.  Tallmadge also mentions his plans to travel to New York with Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman to meet Cushman.
Folder 44: 1818 Apr-NovAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  The first letters contains business and financial matters; the second letter discusses his son Benjamin's request for a furlough from the Navy and passes along social and religious news.
Folder 45: 1818 DecAdd to your cart.
Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman, which discuss both political and social matters.  In one letter, he comments on the Congressional committee appointed to investigate the bank of the United States and expresses his certainty that the committee will discover a system of favoritism there.  He also discusses, in detail, his hopes that Congress will investigate the institution at West Point, since he believes it is currently being run by a despot.  Elsewhere, he hopes that Revolutionary War officers will receive financial compensation before they have all passed away, and reports on the activities of young Tallmadge.
Folder 46: 1819 Jan 1-Jan 15Add to your cart.

Three letters from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman, and one letter from J. T. Stoddard to Tallmadge.  The letters from Tallmadge discuss financial matters, including the potential sale of land; political matters, including Tallmadge's approval of General Andrew Jackson; and religious matters: he relates the powerful effects of Rev. Lyman Beecher's recent sermon.

The letter from Stoddard responds to Tallmadge's request for information on his own case against his debtors Campbell and Jenifer.

Folder 47: 1819 Jan 16-Jan 31Add to your cart.
Five letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  The letters discuss political matters, including the first Seminole War and General Andrew Jackson's conduct therein, and the exposure of corruption in the bank of the United States.  Tallmadge also praises the religious revival led by Rev. Lyman Beecher and writes of the death of their relatives' child.
Folder 48: 1819 FebAdd to your cart.

Two letters, one from George Washington Tallmadge to his sister Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, and the other from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  George Washington Tallmadge's letter mentions his studies in French at West Point, his growing height, and his affection for Maria's young son. 

Benjamin Tallmadge's letter to Cushman deplores the perpetuation of slavery in the United States.

Folder 49: 1819 Mar-DecAdd to your cart.
Three letters from Benjamin Tallmadge to Augustus Porter and to John Paine Cushman.  Tallmadge's letter to Porter requests Porter's sales accounts for salt, in connection with Tallmadge's company, Tallmadge Smith & Co.  To Cushman, Tallmadge asks advice concerning pursuing Porter for the sales account of salt, requests money to purchase stock in the Albany City Loan, and discusses a suit he is considering initiating against a debtor.
Folder 50: 1820 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman. The first letter continues the discussion of a suit against Tallmadge's debtor, Samuel Brown and mentions Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman's pregnancy.  The second letter congratulates Cushman on the birth of a daughter, and is appended by a congratulatory note from Tallmadge's wife, Maria.
Folder 51: 1820 Mar-JulAdd to your cart.
Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  The letters discuss primarily financial business, including Tallmadge's suit against Samuel Brown and his desire for Cushman to sell some property for him.  Elsewhere, Tallmadge also mentions ripening plums and a canker sickness among the children.
Folder 52: 1820 Aug-OctAdd to your cart.

Four letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman and Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, which primarily discuss financial matters, including the suit against Samuel Brown and the purchase of a mortgage.  He also mentions the arrival of his son George Washington Tallmadge on furlough from West Point. 

To his daughter Maria, Tallmadge also writes concerning his desire to leave land in Ohio to his children, and reports on the death of Lyman Beecher's child and other social and family news.

Folder 53: 1820 Nov-DecAdd to your cart.

Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  In the first letters, he discusses politics, including his prediction of James Monroe for President; as well as financial matters.  He also writes about a fire which consumed the home of Samuel Plumb. 

In the second letter, Tallmadge reports on the conclusion of his suit against Samuel Brown and advises Cushman on building rather than renting his home.

Folder 54: 1821 Jan-AprAdd to your cart.
Three letters, one from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, and two other from Tallmadge to Cushman.  Cushman's letter primarily discusses political matters. Tallmadge's first letter, dated 21 Mar, refers to a business matter involving Mr. Griswold, Mr. Hart and Mr. Slosson. He also makes note of the religious revival at work in Hartford and Farmington. The second page contains a letter to Mr. dutcher Slosson of Troy regarding payment of a note. Tallmadge's letter dated 17 May asks Cushman to invest some of Judge Tapping Reeve's money and discusses Cushman's impending visit to Litchfield.
Folder 55: 1821 May-JunAdd to your cart.

Three letters to John Paine Cushman, two from Benjamin Tallmadge and one from Tapping Reeve.  Tallmadge's letters report on the arrival of Cushman's wife and children at Litchfield and discuss financial matters.  Reeve's letter asks Cushman to invest his money for him.

This letter was conserved by Richard Stenman on June 27, 2009.  The report is filed in 1933-19-0.

Folder 56: 1821 Jul-SepAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman and John Paine Cushman.  To his daughter Maria, Tallmadge writes of his intention to leave money for his grandchildren.  To Cushman, Tallmadge discusses the stocks and capital of the Commission Company.
Folder 57: 1821 Oct-DecAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  The letters report family news, including the travels of Cushman's mother; Tallmadge's concern that his children will not be properly converted and his approval of the religious revival; and his daughter Harriot's recent wedding.  Tallmadge also writes about the financial details of the Commission Company.
Folder 58: 1822 Jan-MarAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  Tallmadge refers to a controversy between Judge James Gould and Judge Tapping Reeve; discusses the sale of Cushman's Ohio lands and his own stock; and praises the religious revival in Litchfield.  The last letter includes a note by Maria Tallmadge to Tallmadge's daughter Maria with social news.
Folder 59: 1822 AprAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman.  Tallmadge reports the religious conversion of the family of Stephen and Roxana Clark; the recent illness of the revivalist preacher Asahel Nettleton; and his pleasure at Maria's own religious fervor.  He also provides extensive religious reflections.
Folder 60: 1822 May-JulAdd to your cart.

Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman.  He reports on the extreme illness of Mrs. Deming; the conversion of Helen Peck on her deathbed; and the deaths and illnesses of other friends and family members.  Also included is a receipt by Tapping Reeve for money deposited with Cushman.

One of the letters also contains a note to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman by Tallmadge's wife, Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge.  The note is accompanied by a poem, copied by Sarah Hallett, on Helen Peck's death.

Folder 61: 1822 Aug-DecAdd to your cart.

Three letters to John Paine Cushman, two from Benjamin Tallmadge and one from Felix Tracy.  The letters discuss the illness of Mrs. Tibbits; the appearance of yellow fever in New York; Tallmadge's recent trip to New Haven where he attended a religious meeting and witnessed the ordination of three missionaries; and the death of his son William.

The letter from Tracy updates Cushman on the financial state of Tallmadge's property.

Folder 62: 1823 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman and Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, reporting the death of Tallmadge's brother.
Folder 63: 1823 MarAdd to your cart.

Four letters to John Paine Cushman, three from Benjamin Tallmadge and one from Phebe Tallmadge. 

Benjamin Tallmadge writes concerning his investments; the legacy of his recently deceased brother John; and his thoughts on religion, including the rebirth of the soul and the subjects of a sermon by Lyman Beecher.  He also reviews the availability of boarding places for young ladies who wish to attend the Litchfield Female Academy.

The letter from Phebe Tallmadge describes the death and funeral of Uncle John Tallmadge, Benjamin Tallmadge's brother.

Folder 64: 1823 AprAdd to your cart.
Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman, reporting on Lyman Beecher's departure for Boston, the religious revival, and the possibility of students of the Litchfield Female Academy boarding with the Buel family.
Folder 65: 1823 MayAdd to your cart.

Five letters, four from Benjamin Talllmadge to John Paine Cushman and one from Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman.  Tallmadge discusses financial matters; compliments Cushman on his tax law; confirms the engagement of lodgings for students at the Litchfield Female Academy; and reports on the marriage of Phebe Tallmadge to the Rev. Mr. Mason of Washington.  He also mentions Lyman Beecher's successful sermons in Boston.

The letter from Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge reports on social and family news and discusses fashion in apparel and home decorating.

Folder 66: 1823 Jun-SepAdd to your cart.
Five letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman and Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman.  He reports on his wife's ill health and the remedies she has tried, expresses regret that he cannot travel to Troy due to his wife's illness, and discusses financial matters, including the signing of new bonds.
Folder 67: 1823 OctAdd to your cart.

Three letters to John Paine Cushman, two from Benjamin Tallmadge and one from Elizabeth Reeve.  Tallmadge's letters report social news and plan his visit to Troy to see Cushman.

Reeve's letter describes her own and her husband's failing health and urges Cushman to take care with the money he has invested for the Reeves, as it may soon be the only sustenance of the fatherless boy, Burr, whom she and her husband had adopted.

Folder 68: 1823 Nov-DecAdd to your cart.
Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, which describes his ill health and moderate recovery, and his recent fall from his horse.
Folder 69: 1824 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman and John Paine Cushman.  Tallmadge provides a detailed description of his recent illness, and discusses his intention to leave land in Ohio to his children.  He also discusses financial affairs, including Tapping Reeve's will and investment with Cushman, as well as provides religious reflections.
Folder 70: 1824 MarAdd to your cart.

Five letters, from Lucius Smith to Benjamin Tallmadge and from Tallmadge to Smith; and from Tallmadge and Benjamin Tallmadge Jr. to Cushman.

The letters between Tallmadge and Smith concern a financial dispute.  To Cushman, the Tallmadges relate social and financial news; Tallmadge Sr. also remarks on his feelings at recollecting scenes from the Revolutionary War.

The last letter is appended by a note from Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, relating social and family news.

Folder 71: 1824 Apr-JunAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman, which discuss the financial aspects of Tapping Reeve's will; the illness of Cushman's father; and his own illness and thoughts on death.
Folder 72: 1824 JulAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman and Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, sharing family news and consoling them on the loss of their daughter, Maria Hallet Cushman.
Folder 73: 1824 AugAdd to your cart.
Six letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman and Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman.  He consoles the Cushmans on the death of their daughter Maria Hallet; writes about his ideas concerning the spiritual significance of mourning; and his concerns for the health of another of their children, Tallmadge Cushman.  He also mentions the imminent arrival of Marquis de Lafayette in Hartford.
Folder 74: 1827Add to your cart.
Five letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman, which comment on the ecclesiastical trial against Nathan Beman for charges against his method of conducting revivals by Lyman Beecher and Asahel Nettleton.  He also discusses upcoming visits by his children, family and social news, and business affairs.
Folder 75: 1828 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Three letters, between John Paine Cushman and Benjamin Tallmadge, discussing business affairs and Tallmadge's concern over his daughter Harriot's ill health.
Folder 76: 1828 Mar-AprAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, discussing financial matters.  One letter includes an enclosed business letter from Aldis Davis about rents from land in Vermont.
Folder 77: 1828 May-JunAdd to your cart.
Four letters, between John Paine Cushman and Benjamin Tallmadge, containing financial matters; news of family, friends; and comments on the religious revival.
Folder 78: 1828 Jul-AugAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, containing financial matters, including mortgages and real estate; as well as family news.
Folder 79: 1828 Sep-DecAdd to your cart.

Three letters: two between Benjamin Tallmadge and Charles Perkins; and one from John Paine Cushman to Tallmadge.

The letters between Tallmadge and Perkins discuss a financial and legal arrangement.  The letter from Cushman discusses other financial matters and provides an update on the revivalist preacher Nathan Beman.

Folder 80: 1829 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Two letters, between Benjamin Tallmadge and John Paine Cushman, discussing a failed loan to Mssrs. Stone and Filley as well as a loan to Mr. Clapp.
Folder 81: 1829 Mar-DecAdd to your cart.

Two letters: one from Elizabeth Reeve, Tapping Reeve's widow, to the Cushmans; and one from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge.

Mrs. Reeve writes of the death of her child and offers religious reflections.  Cushman writes to discuss financial matters and to report that Nathan Beman has decided to stay in Troy.

Folder 82: 1830 Jan-JunAdd to your cart.

Letter, from Benjamin Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman offering religious reflections. 

Also in the folder is a legal document, signed by five of Tallmadge's children, waiving their rights to money from their father so that it can be paid towards their brother George Washington Tallmadge's debts.  The document is accompanied by a request by Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman to comply with his children's request.

Folder 83: 1830 Jul-DecAdd to your cart.

Two letters: one from Benjamin Tallmadge, Jr. to John Paine Cushman; and one from Benjamin Tallmadge, Sr. to Martin Clapp.  Tallmadge, Jr.'s letter refers to a financial transaction for carpeting and mentions his future travels.

Tallmadge, Sr.'s letter to Clapp expresses his disappointment that Clapp has been so delinquent on his interest payments, and informs him he has transferred Clapp's debt to his children.

Folder 84: 1831 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Six letters, between John Paine Cushman and Benjamin Tallmadge, discussing Tallmadge's illness; the religious revival in New York and elsewhere; and financial matters.
Folder 85: 1831 Mar-DecAdd to your cart.
Three letters, between Benjamin Tallmadge and  the Cushmans, which discuss financial matters; the ill health of Tallmadge's wife, Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge; and the religious revival.
Folder 86: 1832 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Letter, from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, discussing financial matters related to the death of Benjamin Tallmadge, Jr.
Folder 87: 1832 MarAdd to your cart.

Four letters: three between Benjamin Tallmadge and John Paine Cushman, and one from Tallmadge to Martin Clapp. 

The letters between Tallmadge and Cushman discuss financial matters.  One letter, marked "private," grants Cushman power of attorney over Tallmadge's funds.

The letter to Clapp contests Clapp's claim of usury against Tallmadge.

Folder 88: 1832 Apr-MayAdd to your cart.

Three letters, between Benjamin Tallmadge and John Paine Cushman, discussing financial affairs, including Martin Clapp's suit against Tallmadge; family news, including Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman's pregnancy; and news on the religious revival as well as personal religious reflections. 

Tallmadge also expresses his indignation over Congress's handling of the case of Samuel Houston.

Folder 89: 1832 Jun-JulAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from Benjamin Tallmadge to John Paine Cushman and Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman.  The letters discuss family news, news of the religious revival, and an outbreak of cholera.
Folder 90: 1832 Aug-DecAdd to your cart.

Four letters: three from Benjamin Tallmadge to the Cushmans, and one from Henry Floyd Tallmadge to his sister, Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman. 

Benjamin Tallmadge's letters mention financial matters; John Paine Cushman's illness; other family and social news; and Sarah Pierce's plan to select a female instructor for her school.

Henry Floyd Tallmadge's letter requests that his sister send him "anti-billious" pills.

Folder 91: 1833 Jan-FebAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, discussing financial matters, including Martin Clapp; and his recent illness of jaundice and the illnesses of his wife and children.
Folder 92: 1833 Mar-MayAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, discussing financial matters; illnesses in the family; and plans for a trip to Litchfield.
Folder 93: 1833 Jun-AugAdd to your cart.
Three letters, from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, reporting on the death of Cushman's son William; offering religious reflections on death; and discussing financial matters.
Folder 94: 1833 Sep-NovAdd to your cart.

Two letters: one from Henry Floyd Tallmadge to his sister, Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, and one from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge.

The letter from Henry Floyd Tallmadge discusses the distressed situation of his sister in law, Laura.

Cushman's letter to Tallmadge discusses a boat outing; the illness of his brother-in-law Delafield; and financial matters.

Folder 95: 1833 DecAdd to your cart.

Five letters: one from Henry Floyd Tallmadge to his sister Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, and four from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge.

Henry Floyd Tallmadge's letter reports on the illness of Benjamin Tallmadge and the treatment of his wound by the doctor.  The letter begins with a note from Tallmadge's wife, Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge, on the same subject.

Cushman's letters discuss financial matters, including mortgages and Tallmadge's debtor Martin Clapp; and thank Tallmadge for his recent financial gift to the Cushmans.

Folder 96: 1834 Jan-MarAdd to your cart.

Three letters: one from Henry Floyd Tallmadge to his brother-in-law John Paine Cushman, and two from Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge. 

Henry Floyd Tallmadge's letter discusses how to dispose of the financial gift from Benjamin Tallmadge.

Cushman's letters discuss financial matters, including a mention of Martin Clapp.

Folder 97: 1834 Apr-DecAdd to your cart.
Two letters, from John Paine Cushman to Benjamin Tallmadge, discussing Tallmadge's financial dispute with Martin Clapp and sharing family news.
Folder 98: 1835Add to your cart.
One letter, from John Paine Cushman to his son E. F. Cushman, reporting on the death of Benjamin Tallmadge.  Cushman also mentions Tallmadge's diary.
Folder 99: 1838Add to your cart.

Three letters: one from B. T. Cushman to his father John Paine Cushman, one from Henry Floyd Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, and one from Mary Pierce to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman. 

The letters report on the death of Maria (Hallett) Tallmadge and offer condolences.

Folder 100: 1839Add to your cart.
Letter, from Laura Tallmadge, the widow of George Washington Tallmadge, to her sister-in-law Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, discussing her upcoming marriage to Judge Humphrey.
Folder 101: 1844Add to your cart.
Two letters to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman: one from her brother Henry Floyd Tallmadge, and one from her sister-in-law, Maria.  Both letters report on and lament the death of their son, Henry, who was drowned.
Folder 102: 1854Add to your cart.
Letter, from Frederick Augustus Tallmadge to Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, reporting on the death of their brother Henry Floyd Tallmadge.
Folder 103: 1856Add to your cart.
Two letters, from Frederick Augustus Tallmadge to his sister Maria (Tallmadge) Cushman, reporting on the death of their sister, Harriot (Tallmadge) Delafield.
Folder 104: n. d.Add to your cart.

Three letters: one from Benjamin Tallmadge to his daughter Maria, and two anonymous letters. 

Tallmadge's letter, written when Maria was young, contains advice on grammar; criticizes Thomas Paine; and encourages Maria to teach "Ebo" to read.

The two anonymous letters are addressed to "Officers of the Army" and exhort its listeners to argue for better treatment now that the Revolutionary War has been concluded.


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1776-1856],
[Series 2: Legal papers, 1782-1844],
[Series 3: Financial papers, 1778-1835],
[Series 4: Miscellany, 1783-1834],
[Series 5: Frederick A. Tallmadge papers, 1811-1864],
[All]


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